[Emilia-Romagna Art Cities] Rimini in 3 minutes
Estimated reading time: 3 minutes
One of the most beautiful cities in Italy, famous all over the world to be the center of summer fun in Emilia-Romagna, Rimini, in a dual reading key, between ancient times and renaissance to discover its historical and artistic environments. History and art of the city in just 3 minutes of reading!
THE ROMAN RIMINI
Hosted since the Neolithic times, Rimini’s territory has seen the succession of several peoples up to 268 BC with the arrival of the Romans and the birth of the beautiful “Ariminum” (the Latin name of Rimini). Roman Rimini is certainly the best starting point for discovering the city, as the Emperor Ottaviano Augusto’s historic era is the period of greater floridity of the city.
Rimini was, in fact, the first Roman colony in the Padana plain, whether for a favourable position from a strategic point of view for expansion or for the flourishing of its farmland. In a very short time this value has made it wonderful from an architectural point of view: by walking through the streets of the city center, we can admire the underlying Roman roads, a true open-air museum, that from Piazza Tre Martiri there within easy reach of several important historical finds. The Arch of Augustus, perfectly preserved and surely the largest in northern Italy, born in 27 B.C. as a celebration of the emperor and point of access to the city on the path that led to Rome.
Going back to the arch in no more than 5-6 mins on foot we arrive at a second Romanesque Rimini’s flagship, with the Tiberius Bridge. Ancient crossing the Marecchia River, today a true historic jewel of the city. Still walking on foot (narrow stone pavements) or by car (again for a while) represents the final stretch of the Via Emilia.
But in Ferrari’s square, you can find another example of Roman art in the Surgeon’s Domus. A perfect Roman house in the center of the city, a museum that leads us to walk on suspended bridges, admiring underneath our ancient floors, mosaics and all the objects of a physician from the 2nd century BC.
700 square meters of art and history, unbeatable.
Finally, directly in the second century, the Roman Amphitheater, built for fights between gladiators. A prestigious symbol for the city made it possible to create a charming leisure area just a few steps from the sea. Subsequently reused in various ways, from the theater to the lazaretto, today has only some parts still recognizable, being a part of the building still covered by the many palaces built around.
THE RINASCIMENTAL RIMINI
Rimini was the seat of the Medioevo and the Renaissance of one of the most important lords of all Italy, we are talking about Malatesta. Lords of all the surrounding area, from 1295 to 1528, they gave to the city a second golden age as during the Roman period.
Of particular significance and emphasis still today we can admire, in the historic center, the Malatesta Fortress or Castel Sismondo, residence-fortress of Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, reigning in the late ‘400 Rimini.
Today, the fortress is an important center for the various cultural events of the city during the course of the year.
Also within walking distance of Piazza Tre Martiri is the Malatestian Temple, today the cathedral church of the city. Inside, there were several paintings that were lost, but it is still possible to enjoy the Crucifix of Giotto, located in the apse. In addition to the external marble cover, the realization was entrusted to Leon Battista Alberti, evidently the recovery of the Roman tradition at the artistic level.
A few steps from the Domus you can visit the Museum of the City of Rimini where since 2003 there is an interesting archaeological section and the Roman lapidarium with inscriptions up to the 1st century BC.
If you are passionate about transoceanic cultures we also recommend the Sguardi Museum, which through ethnographic collections leads us to discover other cultures over time, from the 16th century “rooms of wonders”, to the ethnological and archaeological museums of the nineteenth century, to the aesthetic dimension of “modernist primitivism” between the eighth and twentieth centuries.
BEYOND THE CITY
If we move forward to the Rimini district we find many interesting proposals: in fact, we can reach the three peaks of San Marino in about thirty minutes, just following the 20km of straight street. Or maybe a nice walk in Riccione? Summer or winter, Viale Ceccarini will overflow beautiful shops and many passers-by every hour of the day! For the Motor Valley lovers remember that you are just a few kms from Misano, its circuit and the museum dedicated to Marco Simoncelli, famous Italian GP pilot.
Even slow tourism does not fear rivals in Rimini: the whole Val Conca as the Val Marecchia have countless interesting villages! Saludecio, Mondaino, Montefiore, Montegridolfo in one, Pennabilli, Sant’Agata, San Leo, Verucchio in the other! Among folk festivals, folklore and so much good food in the tradition you can marry the true culture of Romagna.
HOW TO GET TO RIMINI
From Northern Italy (Milan, Turin), take the A14 motorway from Bologna, where the A1 motorway of the Sun, the A21 Torino-Piacenza and the B22 of the Brenner pass.Coming from Venice, the fastest route is the 309 “Romea” highway, on which the roads from Padua and Ferrara are grafted.
From the South, in addition to the A1 and A14 motorways, the highway E45, which connects the neighbouring Cesena to Rome and the 16 Adriatica roadway through the Apennines.
The railway line to choose from is Ancona-Bologna (from Bologna with a regional train it takes about 50 minutes)
Those arriving by sea can moor at the Canal Harbor or use the services of the New City Dock.