The short distance between the two Italian cities makes a weekend getaway or mid-week trip feasible. There are three viable transportation options depending on budget and timing:
- the fastest option is to take a high-speed train from Florence to Bologna before making an easy connection to Parma via regional rail. This option can be as fast as an hour and 40 minutes depending on the time of day;
- the cheapest option is to take regional trains from Florence to Bologna and then from Bologna to Parma. This option takes approximately three hours;
- the most expensive option is to drive from Florence to Parma and is appropriate for travelers who have rented a car. Driving between the two cities takes just over two hours and affords maximum flexibility and access to attractions outside the center of town.
All three of these options are easy and convenient to plan. The deciding factors are individual
budgets and travel style.