Castrocaro’s history is intimately linked to its castle, a dominant presence and strategic defensive hub watching over the area since the Middle Ages.
Old manuscripts record that these lands were held by the Counts of Castrocaro, allies of Frederick Barbarossa in the struggle against the Lombard League.
With Frederick II’s death in 1253 and the ensuing political turmoil in the Holy Roman Empire, most of Romagna ended up under the temporal control of the Church, which had long laid claim to Castrocaro.
The fortress was sold in 1403 to the Republic of Florence, thus becoming the capital of Tuscan Romagna. But it then lay neglected for three centuries until it was rediscovered and renovated in the early 20th century.
While Castrocaro’s origins are wreathed in the mists of history, we know much more about Terra del Sole. In 1564, an important ritual was celebrated to bless the founding of the town.
The rite was accompanied by an unusual weather event: after days of impenetrable fog, the heavens cleared during the mass, and the sun illuminated the spot where the city would be built; the weather closed in again at the end of the ceremony.
Hence the name Terra del Sole (“Land of the Sun”), a town that over the centuries would link its fate with that of neighbouring Castrocaro.
The municipality came under the jurisdiction of Forlì in the early 1920s.